Black History – I Have a Dream


  1. The key message of the speech is that every American is created equal and therefore we should end racism and provide civil and economic rights to everyone.
  2. Through the speech of Martin Luther King Jr., we learn the history of the African American in a few, but well-composited sentences that stretch themselves over hundreds of years. From the very beginning, the black man was enslaved by the white man, only to become an outcast in the corners of the great nation we today call America.
  3. The poem is definitely relevant for African Americans today. That is because still to this day, many African Americans are faced with discrimination, racism, police violence regularly. Of course we see less and less of the discrimination, and racism against African americans, but there is still a long way to go for America.
  4. Rhetorical devices in “I Have a Dream” are used effectivly through the speech, with great power and compassion. Anaphora is used effectively in several paragraphs. This means the repeating of a certain phrase to emphasise the message. “One hundred years later, the Negro…”. Metaphors are frequently used, as well. “This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality”. There are also short metaphors used in lone words, such as “quicksand”. King uses Allusion to refer to other sources, such as the phrase “Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred”, from the bible.

Finally, Hyperbole is used. This means an exaggerated statement or claim that is not meant to be taken seriously. An example for this is: “I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice”.


Martin Luther King Jr. was a people person. He knew the right ways to reach out to the people, as well as inspire them in a way directed towards peace.


Written in cooperation with Michelle.


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